Zakaat ul-Fitr – Al-Albaanee’s comments o­n the Hadeeth of Abu Sa‘eed


Al-Albaanee’s comments o­n the Hadeeth of Abu Sa‘eed (رضي الله عنه)
Zakaat ul-Fitr – Required amount of

The author attempts to prove by it that the amount given for wheat is a saa‘ due to the saying “…saa‘ of food.” This is based upon what al-Khataabee said, that is that the word “food” here means wheat. But Ibn al-Munthir refuted this by saying that Abu Sa‘eed mentioned the term food, then he explained what he meant by it. Now the same hadeeth of Abu Sa‘eed is recorded by al-Bukhaaree with the wording;

“On the day of Fitr, during the time of Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم), we would give a saa‘ of food. Abu Sa‘eed said, “And our food was barley, raisins, dried yogurt, and dates.”

Al-Haafiz (Ibn Hajar) said;

“He is clarifying what he meant.”

At-Tahaawee recorded it also but it includes;

“And not other than that.”

Then al-Haafiz mentioned other routes and wordings of Abu Sa‘eed’s hadeeth, after which he says;

“And all of these transmissions proove that the word food in the hadeeth of Abu Sa‘eed is not wheat, but it indicates that it was millet [similar to corn], it is well known until today to the people of the ‘Arabian peninsula, as it is eaten by most of them.”

I say: So it should be clear that this hadeeth does not qualify as proof for what the author intended. Additionally he makes it seem that there is no bases for the position of the mathhab of Abu Hanifah supporting giving half a saa‘ of wheat – except what comes in the hadeeth of Abu Sa‘eed about Mu‘aawiyah considering two mudds of wheat to be equal to o­ne saa‘ of dates. But this in fact is not the case. Rather there are hadeeths reaching up to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم), and the most authentic of them is the hadeeth of ‘Urwah Bin az-Zubayr;

“During the time of Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم), Asmaa’ Bint Abu Bakr used to pay for her household – for both the free and the owned – two mudds of wheat, or o­ne saa‘ of dates measured by hand, or according to the saa‘ they had fixed.”

This was recorded by at-Tahaawee, and this is his wording. It was also recorded by Ibn Abee Shaybah, and Ahmad, and its chain is authentic according to the criteria of al-Bukhaaree and Muslim. Then in the category of reports from the companions, [there are a variety], some strengthening others, as Ibn al-Qayyim said in Zaad ul-M‘aad, where he quotes them, so o­ne may reference it if he wishes, and I have shown their routes in at-Ta‘leeqaat al-Jeeyaad.

So from this it is confirmed that the amount of wheat given for sadaqat ul-fitr is half of a saa‘, and this is the position selected by Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah in al-Ikhtiyaaraat (p. 60) and Ibn al-Qayyim opted for it as noted above, and it is indeed the truth, if Allaah (سبحانه وتعالى) wills. [End of comment.]

From Sayyid Saabiq’s Fiqh us-Sunnah
With commentary by Muhammad Naasir ad-Deen al-Albaanee from Tamaam ul-Minnah fit-Ta‘leeq ‘alaa Fiqh as-Sunnah [1]
CalgaryIslam

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