Al-Albaanee’s Comments on the Distribution of Zakaat ul-Fitr
The author mistakenly implied that al-Bayhaqee was silent about (the above hadeeth), and this is not the case, when in fact he indicated its weakness by saying,
“This Abu Ma‘shar (one of its narrators) is as-Sindee al-Madeenee. Others are more trustworthy than him.”
For his biography, al-Haafiz said (at-Taqreeb);
“Weak. He became confused in his old age.”
Al-Haafiz judged the hadeeth to be weak in Buloogh al-Maraam as did an-Nawawee in al-Majmoo‘ and he opted for the earlier hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas.
[Furthermore,] there is no action in the Sunnah to support this distribution, rather in the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas he (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said;
“ And provide food for the needy. “
Thereby implying that it is limited to the needy.
The aayah above, only addresses sadaqah of wealth, not sadaqaat ul-fitr, as is proven by what is before it, that is Allaah’s (سبحانه وتعالى) saying; «Among them are those who slander you regarding (the distribution of) sadaqah. If they are given some of it, they are pleased… » [ At-Tawbah 9: 59 ]
This is also the view chosen by Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah, and he has a very benefical fatwaa discussing it in al-Fataawaa (2:81-84. And similarly, this is the view of ash-Shawkaanee in as-Sayl al-Jaraar (2:86-87), and Ibn al-Qayyim said similar in Zaad ul-M‘aad:
“And among his (صلى الله عليه و سلم) guidance, he distinguished the needy with this sadaqah.”
From Sayyid Saabiq’s Fiqh us-Sunnah
With commentary by Muhammad Naasir ad-Deen al-Albaanee from Tamaam ul-Minnah fit-Ta‘leeq ‘alaa Fiqh as-Sunnah