‘EED AL-FITR 1436: Ramadhan ends Thursday, July 16

‘EED AL-FITR 1436:  Ramadhan 1436 ends on Thursday, July 16, 2015 with the sighting of Shawwaal’s moon. making Friday, July 17, the day of ‘Eed al-Fitr. [Official KSA announcement]

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Ramadhan News — 29 Sha’baan 1434 AH \ Monday 8 July 2013

 

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Official Decision and Announcement of the High Judiciary Council of Saudi Arabia…

Just a short time ago, Fatwa-Online was informed of the official decision and announcement of the High Judiciary Council of Saudi Arabia that since the moon of Ramadhaan was not sighted this evening, here in Saudi Arabia, we shall be completing thirty (30) days of Sha’baan (1434 A.H.), in accordance with the hadeeth of the Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam):

((Fast when you see the crescent. If it is obscured to you, then complete thirty days of Sha’baan. And break your fast when you see the crescent. If it is obscured to you then fast thirty days)), [transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim].

Subsequently, we shall be starting our taraaweeh prayers tomorrow (Tuesday 9 July 2013) after the ‘Ishaa. prayer, in preparation for the first fast of Ramadhaan on Wednesday 10 July 2013, inshaa.-Allaah.

Important: Extending greetings on the arrival of the month of Ramadhaan

Source: Fatwa-Online

Telescopes and Sighting the New Moon

The Supreme Court said that according to a royal order and a cabinet’s decision, it called on all Muslims throughout the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to sight Ramadan’s crescent either through naked eyes or telescopes and to report to the nearest court to register their sighting.

The Supreme Court called on Muslims for joining committees formed in the regions for sighting the crescent as it is in the pursuit of cooperation in righteousness and piety.


Telescopes and Sighting the New Moon

Question: What is the legislated Sharee’ah method by which the beginning of the month is established? And is it permissible to rely on astronomical observatories in determining the beginning of the month and its ending? And is it permissible for the Muslim to use a telescope in sighting the crescent?

Response: The legislated Sharee’ah method in verifying the beginning of the month is for the people try to sight the crescent. And (in doing so) it is befitting the sighting be verified by one who is trustworthy with respect to his religion (and character) and strong vision. So if they sight it, they must act upon this sighting, and start fasting if it was the crescent of Ramadhaan, or stop fasting if it was the crescent of Shawwaal.

It is not permissible to rely on the calculations of the atsonomical observatories if there was no actual sighting. However, if there was a sighting, even if the sighting was through the astronomical observatories, then it is accepted, since it falls under the general statement of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam):

((When you see it then fast, and when you see it break your fast))

As for calculations, then it is not permissible to act upon it, nor to rely on it.

As for the use of what is known as a telescope – which is a glass instrument that magnifies the crescent – then there is no harm in using it, however, it is not obligatory. (This is) because what is apparent from the Sunnah is the reliance upon normal sighting (with the naked eye), and not anything else. However, if it is used, and someone trustworthy sights it, then this sighting is to be acted upon.

The people of the past would use similar means when they would climb up to a height after Maghrib on the 29th day of Sha’baan or Ramadhaan; So they would seek out the crescent (from this height) using a telescope.

In any case, whenever the sighting of the crescent is verified, in whatever manner it was seen, then it is obligatory to act upon this sighting, based on the generality of the statement of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam):

((When you see it then fast, and when you see it break your fast))

Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen
Fataawa Ramadhaan – Volume 1, Page 62, Fatwa No.28
al-Fataawa libni ‘Uthaymeen – Kitaab ad-Da’wah – Volume 1, Pages 150-151

ref: http://www.fatwa- online.com/ fataawa/worship/ fasting/fas003/ 0090820.htm


Al-Fawzan okays Ramadan, Eid moon sighting through observatories

Makkah – Sheikh Saleh Bin Fowzan Al-Fowzan, member of the Permanent Committee and Board of Senior Ulema has approved sighting of Ramadan and Shawal crescent through observatories.

Replying to a question by Al-Madina on possibility of depending on observatories in sighting the crescent of Ramadan and if the sighting with a naked eye is obligatory, Sheikh Al-Fowzan said “Sighting the Ramadan crescent with observatories and telescopes is permissible as is the case with sighting it with a naked eye.”

He added the Prophet (peace be upon him) said in a Hadith “Fast at its sighting and terminate the fast at its sighting.”

However this shows that it doesn’t matter if the sighting is with the naked eye or through observatory.

Saudigazette.com