[Q/A] Is it Permissable to Fast Shawwal Before Kaffarah

Question: A man has to observe Sawm (Fast) for two consecutive months as a Kaffarah (expiation), but he wants to fast the six days of Shawwal. Is it permissible for him to do so?

Answer: You have to hasten to fulfill the Kaffarah; it is not permissible to fast the six days of Shawwal before the Kaffarah, for fasting these six days is a Nafl (supererogatory act of worship) while the Kaffarah is a Fard (obligatory act of worship) which should be carried out immediately. It should be given priority over the Sawm of the six days of Shawwal or any other supererogatory Sawm.

Source: AlIfta.com

Advertisements

[Q/A] Which Days Are For Fasting in Shawwal

Q: Is it permissible for a person to choose any six days to observe Sawm (Fasting) in Shawwal, or is there a fixed time for them? If we observe Sawm on them, will it become a Fard (obligation) on us?

A: It was authentically reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who fasts Ramadan and then follows it with six days of Shawwal it is as if they fasted the whole year. (Related by Imam Muslim in his Sahih [Authentic Hadith Book])These days are not fixed in the month. A Mu’min (believer) can choose to observe them at any time throughout the month, whether in the beginning, middle, or end of the month, and whether on separate or consecutive days. There is flexibility in this matter, praise be to Allah. If a person observes them in the beginning of the month, it will be even better, as this is a form of hastening to do good deeds. It is not thus, considered a Fard; a person can leave them in any year.

However, it is better and more perfect to continue observing Sawm on these days every year, acting on the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): The deed liked most by Allah is one to which the doer adheres constantly, even if it is small. May Allah grant us success!

Source: AlIfta.com

Ruling on making up for the six days of Shawwal

Ruling on making up for the six days of Shawwal

Q: A woman used to perform Sawm (Fast) during the six days of Shawwal every year. One year, she gave birth at the beginning of Ramadan and did not become ritually purified until after the end of Ramadan. She then made up for the days of Sawm she had missed. Does she also have to make up for the six days of Shawwal after making up for Ramadan days, even if it is not still Shawwal, or does she have to make up for Ramadan only? Is it obligatory to always fast the six days of Shawwal?

A: Performing Sawm for six days of Shawwal is a Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet), not a Faridah (obligatory act), according to the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): Anyone who fasts Ramadan and then follows it with six days of Shawwal it is as if they fasted the whole year. (Related by Imam Muslim in his Sahih [Authentic Book Hadith])This Hadith is evidence that there is nothing wrong in fasting these days consecutively or separately, based on its general wording.

However, it is better to hasten and fast them, because the Noble Qur’an teaches saying:Surah Ta­Ha, 20: 84 And I hastened to You, O my Lord, that You might be pleased. The Qur’anic Ayahs and Hadith show that it is better to race and hasten to do good deeds. It is not obligatory to always fast these days, but it is better to do so, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The deed liked most by Allah is one to which the doer adheres constantly, even if it is small. It is not prescribed to make up for these days after the end of Shawwal, because fasting them is a Sunnah whose time has passed, whether it was missed for a lawful excuse or not. May Allah grant us success!

Source: AlIfta.com

Hope of full reward even with inability to complete the six days of Shawwal

Fasting the six days of Shawwal is Sunnah and not Wajib whose reward is hoped for even if one fails to complete due to a lawful excuse

Q: I started fasting the six days of Shawwal when some circumstances and business interrupted me. I could not fast the remaining two days. What can I do? Should I make up for missing these two days? Will I incur a sin for not completing the six days?

A: Fasting the six days of Shawwal is a Mustahab (desirable) act of worship but is not Wajib (obligatory). You will receive the reward of the days on which you fasted and hopefully you will receive the full reward of fasting the six days, if you had a Shar‘y (Islamic legal) excuse for not completing them. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: When a servant (of Allah) falls ill or travels, the same reward of the good deeds they used to do when at home in good health is recorded for them. (Related by Al-Bukhari in his Sahih [Authentic Hadith Book])You do not have to make up for those two missed days. May Allah guide us all to success!

Source: AlIfta.com

The claim that fasting for six days of Shawwal is Bid‘ah

Q: What is your opinion, respected shaykh, regarding people who claim that fasting for six days in Shawwal is Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) and that this is the view of Imam Malik? If they are refuted by the Hadith on the authority of Abu Ayyub, saying: Anyone who fasts Ramadan and then follows it with (fasting) six days of Shawwal it is as if they fasted the whole year they would bring to question the authenticity of one of the narrator in the Isnad (chain of narrators).

A: This claim is Batil (null and void); the Hadith of Abu Ayyub is Hadith Sahih (a Hadith that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish).
( Part No : 15,Page No:390)
It also has other supporting narrations, which strengthen it and confirm its meaning.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Source: AlIfta.com

Is fasting the Day of ‘Arafah and the six days of Shawwal suffice instead of an expiatory fast?

Fatwa no.  10812

Q: Is fasting the six days of Shawwal, the Day of ‘Ashura’ (10th of Muharram), and the Day of ‘Arafah (9th of Dhul-Hijjah) sufficient
( Part No : 23,Page No:38)
to expiate for the broken oaths which one cannot remember?

A: The Kaffarah (expiation) for breaking an oath is to free a believing slave, feed ten poor people, or clothe them. If you are unable to do any of that, you should fast for three days for each broken oath.

As for your inability to count the oaths, you should try as hard as possible to remember them and give an approximate number, and then expiate for the broken ones. That would be sufficient to discharge the obligation on your part, In sha’a-Allah (if Allah wills). Furthermore, it is insufficient to fast the Day of ‘Ashura’, the Day of ‘Arafah and the six days of Shawwal for expiating for the broken oaths, unless a person intends to fast them as Kaffarah, not as voluntary fasting.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member — `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan
Deputy Chairman –`Abdul-Razzaq `Afify
Chairman — `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source: AlIfta.com

Is it permissible to fast the six days of Shawwal before the expiatory fast?

( Part No : 15,Page No:394)

Q: A man has to observe Sawm (Fast) for two consecutive months as a Kaffarah (expiation), but he wants to fast the six days of Shawwal. Is it permissible for him to do so?

A: You have to hasten to fulfill the Kaffarah; it is not permissible to fast the six days of Shawwal before the Kaffarah, for fasting these six days is a Nafl (supererogatory act of worship) while the Kaffarah is a Fard (obligatory act of worship) which should be carried out immediately. It should be given priority over the Sawm of the six days of Shawwal or any other supererogatory Sawm.

Source: AlIfta.com

The entire month of Shawwal is a time for fasting the six days

Q: Is it permissible for a person to choose any six days to observe Sawm (Fasting) in Shawwal, or is there a fixed time for them? If we observe Sawm on them, will it become a Fard (obligation) on us?

A: It was authentically reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who fasts Ramadan and then follows it with six days of Shawwal it is as if they fasted the whole year. (Related by Imam Muslim in his Sahih [Authentic Hadith Book])These days are not fixed in the month. A Mu’min (believer) can choose to observe them at any time throughout the month, whether in the beginning, middle, or end of the month, and whether on separate or consecutive days. There is flexibility in this matter, praise be to Allah. If a person observes them in the beginning of the month, it will be even better, as this is a form of hastening to do good deeds. It is not thus, considered a Fard; a person can leave them in any year.

( Part No : 15,Page No:391)

However, it is better and more perfect to continue observing Sawm on these days every year, acting on the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): The deed liked most by Allah is one to which the doer adheres constantly, even if it is small. May Allah grant us success!

Source: AlIfta.com