Understanding Zakaat ul-Fitr

Giving Money to Someone Who Buys Zakaat ul-Fitr On Your Behalf {HERE}

The Prophet’s Guidance in Giving out the Zakaat-ul-Fitr {HERE}

Q/A Paying Zakaatul-Fitr to a Representative {HERE}

More on Zakaat ul-Fitr {HERE}

 

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Giving Money to Someone Who Buys Zakaat ul-Fitr On Your Behalf

There are two sources to better understand this topic: Shaykh al-Malki, and Moosa Richardson.

Source #1 Sh. al-Malki
Sh. al-Malki made an announcement concerning Zakaat ul Fitr after his Jumu’ah khutbah on Friday 26 Ramadhan 1432 (8/26/2011).

In it he said that he would be going to a particular store in Jeddah. And if anyone wanted to give him their money then he would buy the zakaat ul-fitr for them (on their behalf). Then the Zakaat ul-Fitr would be distributed (as food) to those eligible to receive it.

You can listen to the announcement; its near the end of the audio file at about minute marker [-26.35]. However, listening to the entire khutbah is really worth your time.

 Sh. al-Malki Zakaatul-Fitr and `Eed 26-08-2011 /%20CCC</code>

 

Source #2 M. Richardson
The second source is by Moosa Richardson. He gives some details on paying zakaat through a representative. Read it here, Paying Money to a Wikaalah (Representative) for Zakaatul-Fitr.

[Audio] Zakaatul Fitr: Impediments

Zakaatul Fitr

Remember. Take notes!

And using what you learn to create graphic organizers, crossword puzzles, word finds, memory games, etc, can help you remember, retain, and inshAllah apply the info better.

Clarifying the Rulings of Sadaqat’ul Fitr: Time of Giving

By the Noble Shaykh Saleh ibn Fawzan al-Fawzan
Translated by AbuAbdulMalik

The Time of Giving Sadaqat’ul Fitr

The time for giving Sadaqat’ul Fitr begins from the setting of the sun on the night of Eid (i.e., when the new moon is sighted on the night before), and it continues until the Eid Salaah (on the next day), and it is permissible to distribute it one or two days before Eid. The evidence for this is the hadeeth collected in Sahah al-Bukharee on the authority of Ibn Umar (radhi-yAllâhu ‘anhu) that the Companions used to give Sadaqat’ul Fitr one or two days before the Feast (meaning the Eid Prayer). The delaying of giving Sadaqat’ul Fitr until before the Salaah on the morning of Eid is better, and if one does not fulfill this obligation before the Eid Salaah without a valid excuse, then he has sinned. It then becomes an obligation upon him to fulfill giving Sadaqat’ul Fitr throughout the rest of the day. And if he does not fulfill the obligation of Sadaqat’ul Fitr on the day of Eid, then he must make up for it after the day of Eid. This is based on the hadeeth collected by Abu Dawood and Ibn Majah on the authority of ibn Abbaas that the Messenger of Allah (sal-Allâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“If anyone pays it (Sadaqat’ul Fitr) before the feast prayer, it will be accepted as zakaah, and if anyone pays it after the prayer, it will be considered a charity like other charities.”

Therefore this clearly means that Sadaqat’ul Fitr must be given in its correct time in order to receive its reward.

The times for giving Sadaqat’ul Fitr can be separated into four:

  1. Permissible: this means one or two days before Eid;
  2. The best time: this is between the setting of the sun on the night of Eid until before the Salaah;
  3. A time that will suffice, but with a sin: this is the time after the Salaah until the end of the day;
  4. The expiation time: this time is after the day of Eid.


AbdurRahman.org

[Zakaat] Clarifying the Rulings of Sadaqat’ul Fitr: Who has the right to recieve

By the Noble Shaykh Saleh ibn Fawzan al-Fawzan
Translated by AbuAbdulMalik

The one who has the right to Sadaqat’ul Fitr

The one that has a right to Sadaqat’ul Fitr is the one who has a right to Zakaatul Mal (i.e. the wealth from the compulsory Zakaat), from the poor and needy and similar to them. Therefore it must be given at its due time to the due recipients entitled to receive Zakaah, or to his Wakeel (i.e. his representative). It is not acceptable to give it to a person who is not a Wakeel (representative) of the one who has the right upon it.

AbdurRahman.org

[Zakaat] Clarifying the Rulings of Sadaqat’ul Fitr: Types of food

By the Noble Shaykh Saleh ibn Fawzan al-Fawzan
Translated by AbuAbdulMalik

The types of foods that should be given as Sadaqat’ul Fitr

As for the type of foods that should be given and the permissibility for people using the staple food of their country, then there is a hadeeth related in the two Saheehs and other books of hadeeth stating that Allah’s Messenger (sal-Allâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) enjoined Sadaqat’ul Fitr to be paid with one Sa’a of dates, or one Sa’a of barley on every Muslim, free or slave, male or female, young or old.

The five staple foods in the time of the Messenger of Allah (sal-Allâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) were: wheat, barley, dates, raisins, and cheese.

Ibn Qayyim al Jawziyah (raheemullah) states these (the five food types) used to be the staple food in Madeenah, thus people living in a village or city were staple food differs from the above are to pay one Sa’a (approximately 3 kilograms) of their own staple food (as Sadaqat’ul Fitr).

Thus, if their staple food is other than grain, such as milk, meat or fish, they are to give Sadaqat’ul Fitr thereof, whatever it may be.

This is the opinion of the majority of the scholars, which is regarded as the correct one in this regard, and there are no other contrary opinions to be followed. This is because Sadaqat’ul Fitr is legally legislated to support the needy on the day of the Feast with the same staple food of the people in the same place where they live.

Therefore, it is sufficient for the Muslim to give the needy flour as Sadaqat’ul Fitr, though it is not one of the five food types of the food mentioned in the hadeeth of the Prophet (sal-Allâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) in this regard. Though bread and cooked food can be useful for the needed, and cost little to prepare for eating, grains are likely to be more useful to them since it can last for a longer time.

AbdurRahman.org

[Zakaat] Clarifying the Rulings of Sadaqat’ul Fitr: Payment in Money

By the Noble Shaykh Saleh ibn Fawzan al-Fawzan
Translated by AbuAbdulMalik

The Permissibility of Giving Money as Sadaqat’ul Fitr

It is not sufficient for a Muslim to give money which is equivalent to the value of the legally prescribed amount of staple food as Sadaqat’ul Fitr, and that is because it contradicts the Quran and the Sunnah of Messenger of Allah (sal-Allâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam).

Know that money was present in the time of the Prophet (sal-Allâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam), and had it been sufficient to give money, he would have clarified this to his Ummah, therefore whoever gives a legal opinion to use money instead of grain for Sadaqat’ul Fitr, has given a legal opinion based on his own Ijtihaad (assessment), and he has wronged himself and sinned in his Ijtihaad.

This giving of money instead of grain for Sadaqat’ul Fitr is a contradiction to the Sunnah, likewise the one that makes Ijtihaad in this affair cannot transmit a narration from the Prophet (sal-Allâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam), and none from his companions that money was used for Sadaqat’ul Fitr.

Imaam Ahmad (raheemahullah) said: “A Muslim is not to pay the poor money instead of the prescribed amount of staple food for Sadaqat’ul Fitr.” It was said to him, “Umar ibn Abdul Aziz used to accept money for Sadaqat’ul Fitr.” He (Imaam Ahmad) replied, “How could they adhere to the sayings of so-and-so, and ignore the hadeeth of the Prophet (sal-Allâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) stated in this regard. Ibn Umar said Allah’s Messenger (sal-Allâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) enjoined Sadaqat’ul Fitr to be paid with one Sa’a.”

AbdurRahman.org

[Audio] Zakaatul Fitr: Recipients

Zakaatul Fitr

Remember. Take notes!

And using what you learn to create graphic organizers, crossword puzzles, word finds, memory games, etc, can help you remember, retain, and inshAllah apply the info better.