How to Make Du’aa

Articles: Du’aa How To Series

Audio: Du’aa How To and Benefits Series

The Etiquette of Dua – Allah’s beautiful names

From The Book of Dua
Shaikh Hussain al-Awaaishah
Found on CalgaryIslam


Ask Allah with His beautiful names

Allah The Exalted says:
The most beautiful names belong to Allah, so call upon Him by them. (7:180)

It is reported in an authentic tradition that the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa salaam heard a man saying in his prayer: ‘O Allah, I am asking you. O Allah The Eternal Absolute, The o­ne Who begets not nor is He begotten, and there is none like unto Him; forgive my sins for You are The Most Forgiving and The Most Merciful.”

The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa salaam said, “He has been forgiven, he has been forgiven.”

(Abu Dawud, al-Nisa’I, Ahmad & Ibn Khuzaimah. Authenticated by al-Hakim and agreed by al-Dhahabi. Our Sheikh al-Albani brings it in “Sifatus Salatun Nabi” and comments o­n it.)

In another incident the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa salaam also heard someone in his prayer saying: ‘O Allah I ask You, for praise is due to You. There is none worthy of worship but You alone (without any partner), The Originator of the heavens and the earth, full of Might and Glory, The Living and Self Subsisting Eternal. I am asking for Paradise, and seeking Your refuge from Hell.”

The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa salaam said to his companions, “Do you know by what he asked?” 

They answered, “Allah and His messenger know better.”

He said, “{By the o­ne in Whose hand is my soul}, he has invoked Allah by His supreme name by which if He is invoked He grants, by which if He is asked He gives,”

(Reported by Abu Dawud, al-Nasa’I, Ahmad, al-Bukhari in “al-Adab al-Mufrad”, Al-Tabarani & Ibn Mundah in “al-Tawhid” by sahih chains of transmission.)

The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa salaam also said, “That the dua of Dhu Al-Nun (The man of the fish i.e. Yunus/Jonas) by which he invoked Allah from inside the belly of the whale is: There is none worthy of worship but You, Glory be to You, verily I am amongst the wrong doers. No muslim ever makes dua by it but Allah will grant it.” 

(Reported by al-Tirmidhi in his sunnan [4/260], Ahmad [1/170] & al-Hakim [2/383] who authenticated it. Al-Dhahabi agreed to it. Also our Sheikh al-Albani in “Al-Kalim al-Tayyib” no.122)

The Etiquette of Dua – to Allah Alone

From The Book of Dua
Shaikh Hussain al-Awaaishah
Found on CalgaryIslam


Dua should not be directed to other than Allah alone

The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa salaam said to Ibn Abbas radi Allahu anhu :

‘O young man, I am going to teach you some words: Be mindful of Allah, and He will be mindful of you. Be mindful of Allah, and yo will find Him before you. When you ask, ask Allah. When you wish to seek help, seek help from Allah. Remember that if all the people come together to bring you benefit they can not benefit you except that Allah has written. o­n the other hand, if they come together to cause (you) any harm, they will not be able to do it except for what Allah has written. The pens have been laid aside, and the scrolls have dried.

(Narrated by al-Tirmidhi who declared it Hasan Sahih)

The Etiquette of Dua – Crying

From The Book of Dua
Shaikh Hussain al-Awaaishah
Found on CalgaryIslam

Crying when making dua


Abdullah ibn Amr ibn Al-‘As radi Allahu anhu reported that, “The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa salaam recited the words of Allah about Ibrahim alaihi salaam,

  • “O my Lord they have indeed led astray many among mankind. He then who follows my way is of me.” (14:36)

and Isa’s alaihi salaam saying,

  • “If You punish them them they are Your servants, but if You forgive them, verily You are The Exalted, The Wise.” (5:118)

Then he raised his hands and said, ‘O Allah, my community, my community’ and he cried.

Allah said, ‘O Jibril, go to Muhammad – and your Lord knows better – and ask him what makes him cry.’

Jibril came to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa salaam and asked him.

The Prophet told him about his concern for his community. Jibril returned to Allah Almighty and informed Him – while Allah knew everything.

Allah The Most High said, ‘O Jibril, go to Muhammad and tell him that: We shall please you concerning your community, and shall not cause you to be unhappy.’” (Muslim Reported)

The Etiquette of Dua – Ablution

From The Book of Dua
Shaikh Hussain al-Awaaishah
Found on CalgaryIslam


O­ne should have ablution


Abu Musa reported, “When the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa salaam had finished from the battle of Hunayn he sent Abu ‘Amir to lead an army to Atwas, and he sent me with him.

Abu ‘Amir was struck in his knee by an arrow which a man from Jusham had shot, and it lodged in his knee. I removed it, and water oozed out of it.

He said, ‘O son of my brother, convey my greetings to the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa salaam, and request him to ask Allah’s forgiveness for me.’ He survived for a short while then died.

I returned and called o­n the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa salaam at his house, and found him lying in a bed made of the stalks of date palm leaves knitted with ropes and o­n it there was bedding. The strings of the bed had left their marks o­n his back and sides. I told him about our and Abu ‘Amir’s news, and his request (to tell him to ask Allah’s forgiveness for him).

The Prophet asked for water, performed ablution, and raised his hands saying, ‘O Allah forgive Your servant Abu ‘Amir.’

I saw the whiteness of the Prophet’s underarm.

He continued, ‘O Allah make him o­n the Day of Resurrection superior to many of Your human creatures.’

I said, ‘Would you ask Allah’s forgiveness for me as well?’ He said, ‘O Allah, forgive the sins of Abdullah ibn Qays and admit him to a nice entrance o­n the Day of Resurrection,’”

Hafiz ibn Hajr said in “Al-Fath” 8/35, “It is indicated in this report that performing ablution when making dua is desirable (mustahab).”

The Etiquette of Dua – Repent and try to make amends

From The Book of Dua
Shaikh Hussain al-Awaaishah
Found on CalgaryIslam


Repent and try to make amends where o­ne has wronged


Al-Bukhari and Muslim reported that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa salaam said about the man who stretched his arms to the heavens saying: “’O my Lord, O my Lord,’ But his food is haram, his dress is haram, so how could his prayer be answered?”

The Etiquette of Dua – One’s previous good deeds

From The Book of Dua
Shaikh Hussain al-Awaaishah
Found on CalgaryIslam


Dua by reference made to previous good deeds


This has been mentioned in the story of three people who entered a cave, the entrance of which had been blocked by a rock. They invoked Allah by their most sincere deeds, and He responded to them (and released them).

[The story has been reported in Bukhari & Muslim].

The Etiquette of Dua – Facing the Qibla

From The Book of Dua
Shaikh Hussain al-Awaaishah
Found on CalgaryIslam


Facing the Qibla while making dua


Abu Hurairah radi Allahu anhu said, “The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa salaam faced the Qibla and said, ‘O Allah guide Daws (Those to the right path).’” (Bukhari & Muslim).

Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal rahimahullah and others hold this view. Ibn Taymiyyah has also endorsed it in his book “Al-Iqtida” pp. 175-181 while condemning the abominable innovations practiced at the grave of the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa salaam. He said, “We have mentioned the view of Ahmad and others that when a person comes to greet the Prophet and his two friends (Abu Bakr & Umar) then he wants to make dua he should turn away to face the Qiblah.” Our Sheikh Al-Albani has also agreed with this view in his book “Ahkam Al-Jana’iz” pp. 221-222.